Português
English

AN ITINERARY FOR PESSOA

Places where he lived

1888 — Largo de São Carlos, no. 4-4th Flr Left side. — House where Fernando António Nogueira Pessoa was born, on June 13th 1888. There is a memorial tablet there. The building belongs to the bank Caixa Geral de Depósitos, it was classified by the Instituto de Gestão do Património (Institute of Heritage Management), restored and rented.

1888 — July 21st — Church of the Martyrs, in Chiado, where he was baptized.

S. Carlos Theater (formerly S. Carlos Royal Theatre), where the poet often went. His father, Joaquim de Seabra Pessoa, was a civil servant and music critic for the newspaper Diário de Notícias.

1893-1896 — Rua de São Marçal, no. 104-3rd Flr — Following his father’s death in July 1893, his mother, Maria Magdalena Pinheiro Nogueira, and her children, move to a more humble home at this same address, where his brother would also die, at the tender age of one. It might’ve been here that at the age of seven Fernando Pessoa wrote his first verses, “To my mummy”.

Here I am in Portugal
Land where I was born
Although I really like it
I love you much more

 
In 1895 his mother re-marries the commander João Miguel Rosa, Portuguese consul in Durban.

In January 1896 Fernando Pessoa and his family move to Durban, South Africa, from where he permanently returned in August 1905. During that time he does return to Portugal for holidays in August 1901, temporarily staying in a house, the exact door number is unknown, on a street perpendicular to the Rua Direita, in Pedrouços.


During this holiday he travels with his family to the Azores in May 1901 to visit relatives.


1901-1902 — During his stay in Portugal, he lives with his family on Av. D. Carlos I, no. 109-3rd Floor – Left side, where his brother João Maria was born.

On September 1902 they return to Durban, where his siblings, Henriqueta Magdalena, Magdalena Henriqueta and Luís Miguel were born.

1905 — Permanently returning to Portugal alone, he moves into his aunt Maria Cunha’s house in Pedrouços.

1905 — Rua de São Bento, no. 19-2nd Floor Left. At this address he lived with his Aunt Anica, his mother’s sister.

1906 — Moves to Calçada da Estrela, no. 100-1st Floor with his step-father, mother and siblings, who were on holidays in Lisbon, the house where his sister Maria Clara died.

1907 — When his family return to Durban he goes to live with his grandmother Dionísia and his maternal aunts on Rua da Bela Vista à Lapa, no. 17-1st Floor, and sets up the company “Empresa íbis — Tipográfica e Editora” (Editing and Typography), on Rua da Conceição da Glória, 38 and 49.

1907 – Hotel Brito in Portalegre, where he spent a few days.

1908 — Begins working for commercial offices as a foreign correspondent and moves to Rua da Glória, no. 4, ground floor. That same year he moves to a rented room in Largo do Carmo no. 18-1st Floor.
 
1912 —Moves in with his Aunt Anica in Rua de Passos Manuel, no. 24-3rd Floor Left.

1914 —Aunt Anica and Fernando Pessoa move to Rua Pascoal de Melo, no. 119-3rd Floor-Right.

1915-1916 — When his Aunt Anica’s departs to Switzerland, he rents a room at the house of a woman who irons clothes for a living, in Rua D. Estefânia, no. 127-ground floor Right.

1916-1917 —Frequently moves from rented room to rented room from Rua Antero de Quental, to Rua Almirante Barroso, no. 12, in Estefânia (above a dairy from the Alentejo) and still to Rua Cidade da Horta, no. 48 or 54, 1st Floor Left (at Mr. Sengo’s house)

1917-1918 — Moves to a rented room on Rua Bernardim Ribeiro, no. 11-1st Floor.

1918 — Moves to Rua St. António dos Capuchos, near Campo de Santana (rented room).

1919/1920 — Lives in Benfica: Alto da Boa Vista and later on Av. Gomes Pereira, also in rented room.

1920-1935 — His mother and siblings return to Portugal in 1920 and Fernando Pessoa moves in with them – to an apartment on Rua Coelho da Rocha, no. 16-1st Floor Right in Campo de Ourique. This is his last known address, where he would remain for fifteen years, until the time of his death.

1935 — He is taken to hospital on November 29th and dies on November 30th at 20h30, in Hospital de S. Luís dos Franceses, Rua Luz Soriano, no. 182.

1935 — Prazeres Cemetery. Rua 1, Direita, no. 4371 – He is buried on December 2nd, and the poet’s body is laid in his grandmother’s burial vault.

1985 — Mosteiro dos Jerónimos. Fernando Pessoa’s mortal remains are moved to the Mosteiro dos Jerónimos.


 
COMPANIES WHERE HE WORKED

Rua da Prata. At No. 267-1st Right. He was a correspondent for Lavado, Pinto & Co. Ltd., from 1913 to 1915.
On the 1st Floor of number 71 were the offices for the jewelers Moitinho, where Fernando Pessoa worked from 1924 to 1935.


Rua de São Julião no. 101 at the firm, Xavier Pinto & C.ª, where Fernando Pessoa heard the news of Mário de Sá Carneiro’s suicide in 1916.
On the 3rd Floor of no. 41 of the same street, Fernando Pessoa managed another representative’s firm between 1917 and 1919.
Also on the 1st floor of no. 52, Rua de São Julião, Fernando Pessoa ran another of his own offices in the 20’s.


Rua do Ouro, no. 87-2nd Floor was the home of  Fernando Pessoa, Geraldo Coelho e Augusto Ferreira Gomes’s firm “commissions and assignments” between 1917 and 1918.


Rua dos Fanqueiros, no. 44-1st Floor was where the offices of the firm Palhares, Almeida & Silva, Ltd were located. Here Fernando Pessoa wrote some exerts of his Book of Disquiet.


Rua da Victória, no. 53-2nd Left. During the decade of the 20’s Fernando Pessoa was frequently found at the offices of Frederico Ferreira & Ávila, Ltd.


Rua da Assunção. 2nd Floor of number 42, was the main office of the firm Félix, Valladas & Freitas, Ltd, where the poet and Ophélia Queiroz met in 1919.
On the 2nd floor of no. 58 was the main office of the Editing house Olisipo, run by Fernando Pessoa and his cousin Mário Nogueira de Freitas, from 1920 to 1923, and where he published his English Poems I and II and English Poems III.


Rua da Madalena, no. 109, was the first head office of Casa Serras.


Rua da Betesga, near Praça da Figueira, on the 3rd floor number 75, was the firm Lima Mayer & Perfeito de Magalhães.


Rua de S. Paulo, no. 117. The offices of the firm Toscano & Cruz, Lda  where Fernando Pessoa worked as a correspondent after 1920 were in this building.


Rua Augusta, no. 228-1st floor. From 1934 to 1935, Fernando Pessoa worked here for Casa Serras (E. Dias Serras, Ltd., Imports – Representations).
    

Campo das Cebolas, no. 43-1st Floor at the office of A. Xavier Pinto & Co.  Fernando Pessoa received most of his personal correspondence at this address between the years of 1915 and 1917.



PLACES HE REGULARLY VISITED


Among the many cafés and restaurants Fernando Pessoa attended which were lively places for social and literary circles or for solitary wanderings, the following can be highlighted:


Rossio


  A Brasileira in Rossio – opened in 1911 and closed in 1960. It was often mentioned by Fernando Pessoa in his letters to his Aunt Anica, Mário de Sá-Carneiro and in private notes.


  Irmãos Unidos Restaurant. This restaurant closed down in 1970 to become part of the Camisaria Moderna. At this café Fernando Pessoa would meet Mário de Sá-Carneiro, Almada Negreiros, António Ferro, Armando Côrtes-Rodrigues, Luiz de Montalvor, José Pacheko and Alfredo Guizado, to whose family the restaurant belonged. The famous 1954 painting by Almada Negreiros which depicts Fernando Pessoa sitting at a café table, hung here from 1956. In January 1970 this painting was auctioned for a very high price for those days, and it was donated to the Lisbon City Hall in July of that same year. It is currently on display in the Library of the Casa Fernando Pessoa.
 

Largo D. João da Câmara, near Rossio. Café Martinho, where many meetings of the Orpheu group were held. This establishment, appearing around the same time as the Passeio Público, was taken over by a banking agency in 1969.


Cais do Sodré:


Café Royal

Café Gibraltar

Praça do Comércio, no. 3 — Martinho da Arcada, or Café da Arcada, name it went by in those days.

 
Junction of Rua da Assunção and Rua de Santa Justa — Café Montanha. Opened in 1864 and closed in 1952.

Rua Garrett 120 to 122 — A Brasileira (Chiado). Established in 1905.


Rua Primeiro de Dezembro —Leão Pobre Restaurant.

Rua dos Douradores — Restaurant Pessoa, where the poet usually ate his lunch in 1913.


Rua dos Fanqueiros — Abel Pereira da Fonseca, where the famous photograph of Fernando Pessoa was taken, standing by the counter, drinking a glass of wine, to which he added the following humorous inscription for Ophélia Queiroz: Fernando Pessoa caught red-handed.


Sources: Fernando Pessoa’s Lisbon – A Photobiography / Marina Tavares Dias,  Assírio & Alvim, Lisbon, 1998; Fernando Pessoa / Maria José de Lancastre, Quetzal Editores, Lisbon, 1996.